African Journal of Respiratory Medicine
The causes, types and the treatment of pulmonary edema

Short Communication - (2022) Volume 17, Issue 6

*Correspondence: Aria Ward, Department of Pulmonary, Hanoi Medical University, Vietnam, Email:

Received: 07-Jun-2022, Manuscript No. ajrm-22- 69927; Editor assigned: 09-May-2022, Pre QC No. ajrm-22- 69927 (PQ); Reviewed: 23-Jun-2022, QC No. ajrm-22- 69927; Revised: 28-Jun-2022, Manuscript No. ajrm-22- 69927 (R); Published: 05-Jul-2022, DOI: 10.54931/1747-5597.22.17.29

1Department of Pulmonary, Hanoi Medical University, Vietnam


Pneumonic edema is a condition brought about by an excess of liquid in the lungs. This liquid gathers in the many air sacs in the lungs, making it hard to relax. By and large, heart issues cause pneumonic edema. Be that as it may, liquid can gather in the lungs for different reasons. These incorporate pneumonia, contact with specific poisons, drugs, injury to the chest wall, and heading out to or practicing at high rises. Pneumonic edema that grows unexpectedly (intense aspiratory edema) is a health related crisis that needs quick attention. Pneumonic edema can in some cases cause demise. Brief treatment could help.1


There are two fundamental sorts of pneumonic edema: cardiogenic and non-cardiogenic. This type is brought about by an issue with your heart. As a rule, your left ventricle can’t siphon out blood that enters through veins from your lung. This makes a development of tension and liquid. Non-cardiogenic aspiratory edema isn’t connected with heart issues.

Pneumonic edema is in many cases brought about by congestive cardiovascular breakdown. At the point when the heart can’t siphon productively, blood can uphold into the veins that take blood through the lungs. As the strain in these veins increments, liquid is driven up high spaces (alveoli) in the lungs. This liquid diminishes typical oxygen development through the lungs. These two variables consolidate to cause windedness.2

Instances of tests utilized in diagnosing pneumonic edema include: complete blood count, echocardiogram, or a ultrasound, to check for strange heart action, chest X-beam to see liquid, blood tests to check oxygen levels, electrocardiogram (ECG) to search for heart musicality issues or indications of a cardiovascular failure. Dexamethasone is in boundless use for the counteraction of high height aspiratory edema. Sildenafil is utilized as a preventive treatment for height prompted pneumonic edema and aspiratory hypertension, the component of activity is by means of phosphodiesterase restraint which raises cGMP, bringing about aspiratory blood vessel vasodilation and hindrance of smooth muscle cell multiplication and by implication liquid development in the lungs.3,4


Pneumonic edema is a difficult condition that requires speedy treatment. Oxygen is generally the principal line of treatment for this condition. Your medical services group might set you up and convey 100% oxygen through a breathing apparatus, nasal cannula, or positive strain veil. Contingent upon your condition and the reason for your pneumonic edema, your primary care physician may likewise give, Preload minimizers. These assist with diminishing tensions from the liquid going into your heart and lungs. Diuretics additionally assist with decreasing this tension by making you pee, which takes out liquid. Afterload minimizers expand your veins and ease the heat off your heart. Heart prescriptions will control your heartbeat, diminish hypertension, and ease tension in conduits and veins. Morphine is utilized to free uneasiness and brevity from breath. Yet, specialists today use morphine because of the dangers.


The Authors are very thankful and honoured to publish this article in the respective Journal and are also very great full to the reviewers for their positive response to this article publication.

Conflict of Interest

We have no conflict of interests to disclose and the manuscript has been read and approved by all named authors.


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