African Journal of Respiratory Medicine

Pulmonary tuberculosis as a contemporary risk factor for pulmonary embolism


South Africa has a high burden of tuberculosis (TB) and it is the leading cause of death in the country. Pulmonary embolism (PE) and Pulmonary TB can share many of the same symptoms and can coexist in the same patient, making the diagnosis challenging. Furthermore, venous thromboembolism (VTE) is more common among patients with TB compared to the general population. Here we describe three cases of patients with Pulmonary TB, on treatment, complicated by PE. Our cases highlight the need for a high index of suspicion for PE in patients with severe TB.

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